Copyright, Doug Stuber, 2005. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given, and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
This is important stuff, and shows the massive difference the effects of global warming have. Rich countries cause it, poor coutries suffer form it. — Doug
In Gwangju, South Korea, (ROK) the World Cities Human Rights Forum kicked off a week of human rights workshops, and the marking of the 34th Anniversary of the May 18th, 1980 Uprising that say many killed in what would become the most significant catalyst for direct democratic voting, which began in 1987 in the ROK.
The best of what I attended was a speech by Hemanatha Withanage, the Executive Director of Sri Lanka’s Center for Environmental Justice/ Friends of the Earth Foundation.
He minced no words about how electricity used and generated by wealthy countries effected both the environment of the whole planet, and the exemplifies the gap between the rich and the poor in India, or Africa or Sri Lanka, versus Europe, the United States and the wealthier segments of Asia and the rest of the world.
Here’s the first half of what he said:
|Energy Justice and Human Rights in Asia
|By HEMANTHA WithanageExecutive Director, Center for Environmental Justice/Friends of the Earth, Sri Lanka
|Over 300 million Indian citizens have no access to frequent electricity. Of those who did have access to electricity in India, the supply was intermittent and unreliable. However, the electricity sector in India had an installed capacity of 243.02 GW as of March 2014. Meantime the Narmada Valley Development Project the single largest river development scheme in India will displace approximately 1.5 million people from their land.Access to affordable energy is a right of all. It is well known factor that people in developed countries consume more energy than those who live in developing countries. Although I don’t believe that increased energy consumption is necessary for sustainable development, everyone needs to have access to the basic energy needs.
Energy consumption in developed countries is far higher compare to developing countries. For example per capita energy consumption in United States 300.91 GJ, United Arab Emirates 347.40 GJ, South Korea 212.52 GJ, Japan 163.73 GJ. However Sri Lanka is only 20.07 GJ and Bangladesh is only 8.77 GJ. This energy mostly comes from the fossil fuel burning and the contribution of the renewable sources is very little.
Meantime, the said economies mostly have acquired the space with the green house gas emissions from the fossil fuel burning. In such a situation even if the Bangladesh wants to consume the same energy, there is no space since the climate change is already adversely impacting the world.
On the other hand Bangladesh is one of the country facing serious climate impacts. Similarly many small island nations, the poorer nations face more severe climate impacts due to the poor housing, unsuitable locations, etc.
|Energy Justice recognizes the inequality that exists in accessing energy resources, associated health
|and environmental implications associated with the resource used. This theory is based on the premise that access to energy is more equitably available ensuring that health risks are phased out and replaced with sources that are reliable and sustainable.Energy justice issues may be varying from place to place. For example rural communities in some developed countries are off grid is an energy justice issue. Placement of hazardous equipment, coal or nuclear facilities around local communities is also an issue of energy justice. Time spent collecting biomass materials detracts from other pursuits such as education and livelihood pursuits in developing countries is an energy justice issue too.
Meanwhile, health and environmental issues in both developed and developing countries or impacts on agricultural land are also energy justice issues. Indoor pollution is responsible for 1.6 million deaths per year, which is one life lost every 20 seconds is an energy justice issue too.
Around the world, working class and low-income communities, communities of color and minority races, Indigenous Peoples and workers are the first and most impacted by polluting and exploitative energy industries, including biomass incineration. Non renewable energy production harm the communities, health, economies and the ecosystems we rely upon with a range of destructive and exploitative practices from industrial extraction, production, trade, waste and pollution, including climate-altering pollution and toxic emissions.
Despite the fact that burning coal is the main reason for climate change, world is still building more and more coal power plants. There are over 2300 coal-fired power stations (7000 individual units) worldwide. World coal production in 2011 is approximately 7678 million tons.
Sri Lanka is going to build 4700 MW coal capacity by 2032 when the required capacity is only less than 2000 MW. India is building 4000 MW coal power plant (Tata Mundra) and many other similar facilities. In India alone 551 proposed coal power plants will generate 616,879 MW and releases 3,648,034,879 Metric Tons of 002. In many such places people’s objections on the ground has already subjected to human rights violations.
According to Benjamin K. Sovacool 279 major energy accidents occurred from 1907 to 2007 and they caused 182,156 deaths with $41 billion in property damages. Coal mining accidents resulted in 5,938 immediate deaths in 2005, and 4746 immediate deaths in 2006 in China alone according to the World Wildlife Fund.
|Coal mining is the most dangerous occupation in China, the death rate for every 100 tons of coal mined is 100 times that of the death rate in the US and 30 times that achieved in South Africa. Moreover 600,000 Chinese coal miners, as of 2004, were suffering from ‘black lungVCoal worker’s pneumoconiosis, a disease of the lungs caused by long-continued inhalation of coal dust. And the figure increases by 70,000 miners every year in China.1Mae Moh Coal power plant built on Thailand in the 80’s with the support of the Asian Development Bank has resulted more than 600 deaths due to respiratory problems and many more are suffering from lung problems. This is the story around many of the coal power plants in the world.
There is no correct figure about the deaths due to the nuclear power plants. A Greenpeace report puts this figure at 200,000 or more. A Russian publication, Chernobyl, concludes that 985,000 premature cancer deaths occurred worldwide between 1986 and 2004 as a result of radioactive contamination from Chernobyl alone.2
Displacements are also common when setting power plants. Seven people died and many others got wounded when Bangladesh police attached the demonstrators who were opposing to the proposed Asia Energy coal-mine and power plant in Phulbari area. Proposed coal power plant in Sri Lanka in the Sampur area will displace 3500 families.
The contributions of dams to human development cannot be ignored. The more than 45,000 dams around the world helped many communities and countries’ economies in utilizing and harnessing water resources from half of the world’s dammed rivers primarily for food production, energy generation, flood control and other domestic use.
But dams deprived and displaced people. The inundation of land for the reservoir submerged communities (some of these are communities of indigenous people) and altered the riverine ecosystems (upstream and downstream) thus affecting the resources available for land-and-riverine- based productive and economic activities where affected people depend their traditional livelihoods (from agricultural production, fishing, livestock grazing, fuelwood gathering and collection of forest products).
There are about 40-80 million people who have been forcibly evicted or displaced from their homes to
|2Alexey V. Yablokov; Vassily B. Nesterenko; Alexey V. Nesterenko (2009). Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment
|make way for dams. The impacts of dam-building have been particularly devastating in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Large dams in India and China alone (both in Asian region), could have displaced between 26-58 million people between 1950 and 1990. With the construction of the world’s largest dam, the Three Gorges in China, the level of displacement has increased substantially.3
Energy justice is one of the most important, but least developed concepts in the world. Less attention has been given at the social and equity implications of these dynamic relations between energy and low carbon objectives—the complexity of injustice associated with whole energy systems (from extractive industries, through to consumption and waste) that transcend national boundaries and the social, political-economic and material processes driving the experience of energy injustice and vulnerability.
Most electricity produce by violating the human rights, polluting the environment and basic needs such as water, air and soil finally reach the city population as a clean energy source. Frontline communities and workers—who benefit the least from, contribute the least to, and pay the largest price for the destructive practices of industrialized society—are among those leading the resistance to stop these industrial polluters and are cultivating sustainable community solutions for clean, just and localized economies that will benefit us all. It is believed that frontline communities and workers should play a leadership role in prioritizing and determining transitional strategies toward a community-led clean energy economy.
However, the urban population needs to play a better role for ensuring energy justice. The most important energy choice to make as a nation is how people can reduce own energy consumption to a sustainable level in a just and equitable manner, not which new dirty energy sources should be developed. It is therefore necessary to advocate focusing on energy conservation and efficiency measures, including community and worker-led initiatives that increase public transportation; food localization; zero-waste; and zero-emission, community-controlled energy especially in the cities and for urban population.
City population who believes that there should be no human rights violations when producing energy need to advocate that the energy should be met without harmful and combustion technologies and polluting sources. All energy needs should be approached with conservation and efficiency, with the goal of cutting energy demand as early as possible.
|Once prioritize demand reduction, electricity needs should be met only with non-combustion and nonnuclear technologies, with a focus on appropriate use of wind, solar and ocean power which is freely available in the world. Energy production should be decentralized as much as possible to reduce the need for large-scale transmission, which always creates human rights violation at the construction stage.
Transportation energy needs should be met by transitioning from combustion engines to electric vehicles, after cutting demand and improving conservation & efficiency and adding better use of public transport system.
Promoting peoples’ right to energy for their basic needs, transformation of energy systems (local, national and global) away from dirty and harmful energy, excessive energy consumption and fossil fuel dependence, and making the shift to renewable, clean energy systems under democratic control and management people and communities as quickly as possible is vital for energy justice. In the process and fighting for ambitious, adequate, equitable and fair sharing of global efforts to prevent catastrophic climate change are also important for ensuring no human rights violations in energy sector.
Better energy finance will also be another element for energy justice. Integrating human rights into energy projects shifts the traditional technology focus. This leads to a more flexible approach, with projects responding to different local needs, priorities and contexts. Human rights principles such as participation, non-discrimination and equality, and accountability, provide the basis for energy justice.
returns late, provides
muscles, brains, love-starved
newly-matched mates, here
in the land
of the morning calm.
Green Gingko leaves, soon
due to fan
shaped leaf outweighing
stems by so
much. Our mates walk in
and out of shade
on the sunny side
of the street. Gingkos
taste too strong
but medicinal value
is high, so
locals eat them boiled soft or
in soup or
tea. Their shade is a
bonus, fruit is sought
amateurs and pros so the
them down streets in
It was excellent but a full report on environmental justice, state violence, and the rights of children is upcoming tomorrow. Sorry about the delay. But until then enjoy the weather!
At Pit’s Edge
So it’s away we go on another uncontrolled
run through art to music, and finally here,
overlooking the pit: to dive or merely fling?
But bouncing mammaries buttress resolve
as a weird outfit of lime green and sneakers walks
while stuffing her shoulder bag, cotton, not leather.
Flip flopping Samoan sits at an angle
that brings a smug hippie back into view.
She doubles back to purchase a blondie
as a debut butch, with body beautiful,
commando-steps boldly, making no contact.
Dude-boy distributes his latest polemic.
Perfect shapes, Finches hopping, Thai woman
comfort-steps in for a brew. Today it’s not 90
but still summer slow. Freshman arrive tomorrow.
Copyright, Doug Stuber, 2000. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given, and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
Fraternizing with the Enemy
Forty nine Krishnas flow by a bookstore and chant.
Now they make rhythms and jump up and down
With children on their shoulders. They stop a
While then keep walking, in faded orange garb,
Down in front of a bus and deli-lunch shops.
One beer-drinking sophomore decides he’s going
To join them since the air is so refreshing here in
Cool November. “Don’t you know they are the
Enemy, and lazy, and basically beggars.” But this
One brave individual ignores his drinking buddies
And chants, unashamed about what he knows not.
The incident serves to remind you that if you
Fraternize with the enemy, they no longer are
The enemy. Sure, it’s hard to buck the system,
Even harder to ignore the warped vision of the
World as portrayed by the evening news. Do you
Want to make good money, or fight for useless
Causes that don’t matter anyway? When will
You take responsibility for your own life rather
Than fighting for everyone else’s life? Huh? Huh!
Copyright, Doug Stuber, 1986. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given, and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
The Shining Path
Plant technicians spray
Untold zillions of hanging and or
Boxed flora. Oxygen-producing takes on new
Importance in buildings where windows
Only open text.
That someone might need
Fresh air, never occurred to design
Teams hired to assist architects who sealed us in.
So a whole generation gathers,
Old game with a new twist, keeps just
Enough folks working to avoid revolution.
The illuminati keep us all
In place ’til needed.
One day the flower
Box jobs may disappear. The meek may
Inherit what is left after the “enlightened”
Have gobbled all the rest. For now:
Dig, spray, replace, dig.
Copyright, Doug Stuber, 1995. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given, and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
Morning – Farmhouse
This place has contrast:
Not just the greens either.
Fog settles on a backdrop
Causing Kentucky Blue to melt in
Behind the bright trees of Virginia.
Assorted cows meander
Into the Tolkien postcard-picture,
Dotting hills with slow sienna.
Hearing makes its way
Past the primal sense. Shapes evolve.
Singing birds. Hark, spring.
Rain underscores with the
Power of timpani.
The creaking house stirs, cats claw
At what is left of the upholstery.
The coolness of the brick
Shelters wanderers from humidity.
White sheep jump the cattle guard
To graze on the yard: love is
Staccato in the overture of morning.
Copyright, Doug Stuber, 1989. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given, and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
Broken fender, twig in line
And light blue sky with trees.
Green on blue and mountain fine
With warmth upon my knees.
Summer sun at winter time,
Snow still on the ground.
The place is set for water-mime
So I listen for the sound.
The sound is one of Bash Bish Falls
And now I tend to stare.
Everflowing echo calls
Of water in the air.
It makes me think of trees gone by
And people never seen.
It shouldn’t, but it makes me cry
To think of where I’ve been.
Now I sit with tears on face,
Knowing all the glory.
Now I sit without a trace
Of how to tell the story.
Copyright, Doug Stuber, 1978. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given, and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
Country life in South Korea, where traditions are preserved. Child Pansori, Adult Pansori, Wind in the Bamboo, then a stage performance. These are old stories told in song.
Soup is Good Food
Coffee grounds, like so much weeping,
Never find a place. You can’t fertilize with tears,
You can’t exasperate yourself with leftovers.
Eggshells, like so much death,
Have no place thinking. You can’t explain their existence,
You dare not whisper in their presence.
Fifties decor, like so much sex,
Never adds to the place. You keep your condoms
Hoping to avoid disease. Never get a chance.
Kodachrome, like so much tax,
Places judgement on obstacles. You grind
Existence into death, snapping housefly moments.
Banana peels, like so much emotion,
Send ball lightning through your place.
Nothing grabs like solo meatloaf dinners.
Copyright, Doug Stuber, 1987. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given, and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
Ode to Federico Fellini da Firenze
Today I watched as my swoot fell
For for the tomb and fresco di Dante.
She had no idea of the stories I’d tell
After a mezzo Chianti.
We saw some statues and churches and art
All that the good boot could offer.
As for the economy we did our part
With tithing at Gucci’s alter.
We dined with drag queens at Minore
And we offered manages with wine.
But my swoot, well aware of the story
Was not about to have a good time.
But we had a good time in the Tuscany hills
Regardless of Dante’s hell.
She liked Rome better she said in a shrill
(She must not have noticed the smell.)
To me any culture is measured by art:
Just look at Hollywood glitz.
Compared to Fellini, oh boy was he smart
To tell his own story in bits.
Marcello lives on and banks the genius
In an era of Pucci and Leda.
Each art form tries to capture the penis
Or some other Dolce Vita.
Except for the fools who linger in black
A nuclear product prolonged.
The art quickened-up under threat of attack,
Modern triumphs are petty and wrong.
The key in this time is to talk it out
Which leaves little time for creation.
When will the messiah come back to tout
The virtues of life toward salvation?
He will when the art is replaced completely
By all shows pernicious and seedy.
When even the rich man is boxed in so neatly
That the poor man no longer seems needy.
So talk to your friends and see what they know
About history as comparative art.
Then sit back and cry or get up and go
To Florence before it blows apart.
Copyright, Doug Stuber, 1992. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given, and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.